“Do you know that there is an Englishman, a Frenchman and a Spanishman…?.” Can the ChatGPT artificial intelligence tool tell a good joke? At the moment, it seems not, although the linguistic popularizer on YouTube Elena Herraiz, linguriouswith his channel about Spanish, has tried this afternoon, in one of the acts of the International Congress of the Spanish Language (CILE), in Cádiz, dedicated to how this technology is going to allow the machines that surround us to understand us and speak to us in good Spanish. In a brief conversation with ChatGPT, Herraiz has at least managed to get the machine to write a proverb invented for the occasion. She has written the beginning: “A good linguist…”. And ChatGPT has completed: “… words are superfluous”.
Beyond the anecdote, Linguriosa explained that ChatGPT, from the OpenAI company, one of whose founders was Elon Musk, owner of Twitter, “uses recursion, which means that it has been programmed to imitate human language, although sometimes Sometimes their answers may not be coherent. In the meantime, he has invited the public to register on ChatGPT to, for example, ask the machine to write the beginning of the Quixote in Galician or Andalusian from Cádiz. In this case, the gentleman of the sad figure did not live in La Mancha, but in an area with a beach, he pointed the machine.
In a didactic tone, the youtuber He explained that what it is about is that this tool “generates acceptable messages, aided by a lexicon, a list of words, and some syntax rules, to join the words.” In addition, he has said that “it works with deep learning, algorithms with which it has been trained to think like a human.”
Previously, the First Vice President of the Government and Minister of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Nadia Calviño, had the opportunity to ask Hiperia, the first audiovisual content created with AI, a Radio 3 project, which was presented by the director of this public station, Tomás Fernando Flores. On a screen, Hiperia, a young man with an androgynous appearance (“Has she impressed me or I don’t know if…”, the vice president doubted), with navy blue, purple and black hair and a metallic voice, has said that she can “select information and present it concisely.
Calviño asked him the following question: “How do you think artificial intelligence is changing the world?” “Hello, vice president, thank you for such an important question”, he began in a ball tone. “It is changing our way of conceiving the world, it allows companies to optimize their operations, but it also changes our lives, it diagnoses diseases such as cancer. Artificial intelligence develops more efficient renewable energy. But it is important that artificial intelligence is used responsibly, because if not, it can increase inequality ”, she recounted, with the ease of a veteran politician in an act before the press.
About other uses, the director of Employability of Microsoft Ibérica spoke, Enrique Ruiz, who gave this example: when someone goes to the doctor, they sometimes find a professional who spends the minutes of consultation typing and looking at the computer. With artificial intelligence, he aspires to look into the patient’s eyes: “Let the tool summarize what the patient has told him and he only has to check if it is correct.” Ruiz assured that “we are going to have to be very precise when speaking to the machines so that they tell us what interests us.” In any case, what is coming, “will have a depth as was the appearance of the car or the mobile phone.”
In an act conducted by the special commissioner for the Alliance for the New Language Economy, Cristina Gallach, dependent on the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, the philologist Carmen Torrijos, head of AI at the company Prodigioso Volcán, made history about the arrival of tools like ChatGPT. “In the 2010s, automatic learning of tasks by machines began, applied to language. As of 2018, different models gain strength, which produce their own texts, it is what is revolutionary. They are models trained with large databases, thus GPT-3, the grandfather of ChatGPT, was born”. In this context, the Government approved in March 2022, the Strategic Project for the Recovery and Economic Transformation (Perte) of the New Language Economy, endowed with 1,100 million euros.
Another of the experts who whisper to the machines is Ruth Falquina, CEO of Latency, “technocreativity agency”. Of the sectors that most demand artificial intelligence, he cited insurance. “They ask us to classify incidents because they are reports with a lot of information.”
While the director of Technology, Innovation and Systems of RTVE, Pere Vila, explained that with this tool they are going to generate content for towns in empty Spain, “texts, photos, videos”, which many people would need to be able to create specific information for so many little towns.
Marta Guerrero, coordinator of the Knowledge Engineering Institute of the Autonomous University of Madrid, and actor Xisco Segura, content director of the HAZ project, “a hub” (yes, there was perhaps an excess of Anglicisms in the debate), a space for knowledge in the audiovisual sector. Everyone showed great enthusiasm for artificial intelligence and its possibilities, although they could not prevent some attendee from the debate from taking a good nap, snoring included. If Philip K. Dick wondered if androids dream of electric sheep, who knows if artificial intelligence will end up deciphering what goes through our minds when we sleep.